REFRESH is concerned with the impacts that climate and other changes will have on freshwater ecosystems and how the management of freshwaters can be adapted to account for these potential impacts. REFRESH recognises that, with emissions of greenhouse gases expected to rise until at least the middle of the century, any stabilisation is likely to be at significantly higher levels than present. As well as examining what practical adaptation and mitigation steps can be taken to minimise the adverse effects of climate change on freshwater ecosystems over the next 50 years, REFRESH also needs to consider how the project's activities contributes to emissions and therefore to climate change.
Many of the partners involved have institutional strategies to reduce their carbon footprints. However, looking specifically at REFRESH, annual project meetings represent one of the main, tangible activities that producing a significant carbon footprint as they involve the many people travelling over long distances, many of them by air. To reduce the carbon footprint of REFRESH, a carbon offsetting component was included in the registration fee for the third project meeting in Sitges, Spain. A local company was tasked with calculating, managing, offsetting and communicating the carbon footprint of the meeting. The carbon footprint was determined using a questionnaire completed by participants which enabled the cost required to offset our emissions to be calculated accurately. This was summarised in a carbon footprint report.
The meeting generated 44.752 tonnes of CO2 equivalents, mainly as a result of travelling and accommodation. This was offset by investment in high quality reduction projects. Two projects benefited from the REFRESH compensation;
View the Emmission compensation certificate for the REFRESH Meeting at Sitges
We are happy to announce that version 5.0 of www.freshwaterecology.info is now online! This version offers the following new/additional features:
Dr Martin Kernan and Dr Simon Turner joined colleagues from Middle Eastern Technical University (METU), Ankara, to take sediment cores from three large shallow lakes in western Turkey; Lakes Beyşehir, Marmara and Uluabat. UCL and METU will use palaeolimnological techniques, employing biologicial remains and geochemistry, in studying the sedimentary record. This will allow them to reconstruct changes in salinity, nutrient state and trophic structure related to major changes in water level in the past century. The aim of this work is to support assessments of the ecological consequences of lowered lake levels arising from the combined effects of climate change and abstraction for irrigation.
REFRESH scientists have been filmed by Televisio de Catalyuna 3. Eugènia Martí (CSIC) and Francesc Sabater (Universitat de Barcelona) discuss the experiment on the River Arbúcies that simulates drought conditions. The experiment is discussed in relation to the REFRESH project and the simultaneous drought experiments happening across the European Union.
The video (in Catalan) can be viewed at http://www.tv3.cat/videos/3752450/La-riera-dArbucies-laboratori-del-canv...